Week 3: Hypertension


POST-MODULE QUIZ LINK: https://forms.gle/vxJS9nf6o5RrtuxT7

This is a mandatory quiz to be completed upon reviewing this week’s materials.

It is only graded for completion, so take the quiz for your learning!


What is high blood pressure (hypertension)?

-  Hypertension is a condition of high force within blood vessels.


Why do we care about hypertension?

- High blood pressure puts patients at risk for heart attack, stroke, kidney disease

- It is normally asymptomatic.

- Please watch this two minute video on the basics of hypertension.

 
 

How can patients lower blood pressure?

-  Lose weight (if patient is overweight)

-  Eat a diet low in fat and rich in fruits, veggies, low-fat dairy (DASH diet)

-  Reduce salt intake. The best way to do this is too cook from home and control the amount of salt in your food, avoid frozen meals, avoid fried foods. Patients can also add less salt to their foods, but the majority of the salt in our diet comes from the cooked foods themselves!

-  Exercise! At least 30 minutes per day of moderate exercise 5x/week.

-  Cut down on alcohol and smoking consumption!

-  Medications, of course!


Let’s Review!

What are the blood pressure categories?

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Note: When a patient’s blood pressure is higher than systolic > 180 or diastolic > 120, they are at much higher risk of injury to organs such as the brain, heart, kidney, and eye. It is recommended that patients are evaluated by a doctor as soon as possible, especially if their baseline pressure is lower. If a patient on the van has a reading in this range, be sure to ask for their baseline blood pressure, how they are feeling, and tell Rai or Gigi immediately!

 

MORE INFORMATION:

●     To read common patient questions about blood pressure and how to answer them in terms they can understand: Click here!

●     To read common patient questions about a low sodium diet and how to answer them in terms they can understand: Click here!

●     American Heart Association information: Click here!


POST-MODULE QUIZ LINK: https://forms.gle/vxJS9nf6o5RrtuxT7

This is a mandatory quiz to be completed upon reviewing this week’s materials.

It is only graded for completion, so take the quiz for your learning!